Wolfgang Gentzsch, President of UberCloud
15 years ago, Amazon introduced its AWS cloud, and IT organizations started using it mainly for their enterprise applications. Five years later, AWS introduced its first high-performance computing (HPC) instances, and scientists and engineers gained their early experience with moving some of their application simulations to AWS. A few years later, Microsoft followed with Azure, and then Google with its Google Cloud Platform. However, users recognized quickly that it was not trivial to move their complex application workloads to the cloud, and in „do-it-yourself” mode this could easily take a few months. And that’s when cloud service providers like UberCloud, Nimbix, and Rescale started offering their cloud „on-boarding” services to the user community. But the real breakthrough of HPC in the cloud still took several years, until finally, in 2019, market analysts like Hyperion and Intersect360 reported a sudden acceleration for HPC in the cloud. That’s when the era of „democratization” of HPC began to dawn and access to high-performance computing became very easy, and applicability widened to include Digital Twins, Machine Learning, and Big Data Analytics, among others.
This presentation will start with some fundamentals of HPC in the cloud for engineers and introduce a generic and (almost) universal HPC as a Service architecture. As an example of a cloud service implementation we offer some insight into an Engineering Simulation Platform, and demonstrate its benefits with two challenging applications in the field of personalized healthcare: coping with arrhythmia in the living heart, and non intrusive control of schizophrenia in the human brain. Finally, we conclude with a discussion of the major benefits og HPC in the cloud for companies and for their engineers.
Wolfgang Gentzsch is president and co-founder of UberCloud which offers an automated self-service on-demand Engineering Simulation Platform and high-performance Engineering Simulation Containers to manufacturing, energy, financial services, life-sciences and other compute- and data-intensive applications. Wolfgang was the chairman of the International ISC Cloud Conference series from 2010 to 2015. Previously, he was an Advisor to the EU projects EUDAT and DEISA. He directed the German D-Grid Initiative and the North Carolina Statewide Grid, and was a member of the Board of Directors of the Open Grid Forum and of the US President's Council of Advisors for Science and Technology, PCAST, from 2005 to 2008.
Before, Wolfgang was a professor of computer science and mathematics at several universities in North Carolina, USA, and Regensburg, Germany, and held leading positions at the MCNC North Carolina Grid and Data Center in Durham, Sun Microsystems in California, the DLR German Aerospace Center in Gottingen, and the Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysics in Munich. In the 90s, he founded HPC software companies Genias and Gridware which developed the well-known distributed HPC workload management system Grid Engine. Gridware has been acquired by Sun Microsystems in 2000 and Grid Engine (via Sun, Oracle, and Univa) is now part of Altair Engineering.